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GMI, Ganoderma microsporum protein, suppresses cell mobility and increases temozolomide sensitivity through induction of Slug degradation in glioblastoma multiforme cells 2022-08-10



Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), which is a malignant primary brain tumor, is the cancer that spreads most aggressively into the adjacent brain tissue. Patients with metastatic GBM have a poor chance of survival. In this study, we examined the anti-GBM mobility effect of small protein, called GMI, which is cloned and purified from Ganoderma microsporum. Proteomic profiles showed that GMI-mediated proteins were involved in cell motility and cell growth functions. Specifically, we demonstrated that GMI significantly suppressed cell migration and invasion of GBM cells. GMI combined with temozolomide (TMZ), which is a traditional chemotherapeutic agent for GBM treatment, synergistically inhibited motility in GBM cells. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that GMI induced proteasome-dependent degradation of Slug, which is a critical transcription factor, is frequently linked to metastasis and drug resistance in GBM. Knockdown of Slug reduced cell viability and colony formation of GBM cells but enhanced TMZ-suppressed cell migration and viability. The results of this study show that targeting Slug degradation is involved in GMI-suppressed mobility of GBM cells. Moreover, GMI may be a potential supplementary agent for the suppression of GBM.




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